The practice’s work is initiated by sketches that establish basic spatial relationships and a strong architectural identity. Typically, the original diagram illustrates the enduring features of the completed work and its clarity is one of the means by which the shared aspirations of the project are communicated and reinforced.


Buildings engage with and contribute to the quality and legibility of their surroundings. The practice’s work demonstrates how architectural scale and form can generate vibrant urban spaces that are integrated into the city centre and that enhance the heritage values of their site.


A design solution provides a conceptual framework that has to be intelligible, functional and efficient. The practice’s work emphasises simplicity in the arrangement of a building’s components such that the composition of contrasting forms and functions is coherent and logical.


The practice designs buildings that have clarity and elegance, and its work has a strong sculptural quality. The architectural expression is always contextual without being derivative of any existing style. It articulates the form of its buildings such that the materiality of the facade is expressed as a smooth skin.


Contemporary design is enriched by the proliferation of new materials and technologies. The practice allies these possibilities to its exploration of transparency, translucency and opacity in architecture. Its work is distinguished by the effects of filtering natural and artificial light through materials of varying colour, pattern and texture.


An objective common to the majority of the practice’s work is the need to improve the public perception of a site or its wider environment. In some instances its projects have been a catalyst for regeneration while at others, they have reinforced existing on-going initiatives.